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About Tigers

Tiger Population in India in 2019 stands at 2967 individuals. That is an increase of 33% from the last Tiger Census which declared India’s Tiger Population at 2226 individuals. Awareness, Funding, Methodology, Staffing and Technology advancements has resulted in a wider area covered, and a more precise count than in previous estimates. Hence, this may not be that the Tiger numbers are increasing outright – however, this is a school thought whose conclusion can only be better ascertained in the next decade.

Wild tiger numbers have increased globally. As of 2019, there are presently evaluated to be 3900 tigers in nature. The expansion in numbers is a consequence of new territories being remembered for national overviews, improved review systems just as development in the populace from preservation endeavors.

India, Russia, Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh have all completed far reaching national tiger studies, giving an away from of their wild tiger populaces – a significant advance towards Tx2. Energizing camera trap footage from 2014, alongside long haul examines, have indicated that tigers are coming back to Northeast China! China is at present endeavor its first national tiger review.

Nepal turned into the principal nation on the planet to accomplish Zero Poaching! 2013 saw an entire year of zero poaching of tigers, however rhinos and elephants as well. The nation facilitated the Towards Zero Poaching Symposium, uniting delegates from the 13 tiger nations just as specialists from nearby and global NGO’s and accomplices to share best practice information in the push to battle the raising illicit untamed life exchange. Protection Assured | Tiger Standards (CA|TS) has been created and two locales have gotten licensed; Chitwan National Park in Nepal and Sikhote-Alin Nature Reserve in Russia. The Ranger Federation of Asia (RFA) was established in 2013 as an approach to associate and improve the working norms of the bleeding edge staff who ensure Asia’s untamed life.

Tiger Population in India Over the Years


Challenges Faced by the Tiger in India

21,000 sq km of Natural Forest have been denuded between 2015-2017. According to an analysis by the Delhi-based environment group, Environment Impact Assessment Resource and Response Centre, the Indian government has, on an average, diverted 122 sq km of forests for development projects every year between 2014 and 2017. To put this in perspective, this is equivalent to forest land the size of 63 football grounds being cleared every day for three years. 399 Road, Irrigation, Power and Railway Projects worth $183 billlion are slated in Central Indian and Easter Ghats Tiger Landscape. These involve 08 States of India. 31% of the Tiger Population of India occurs here. That is, almost 700 Tigers.

Involves diversion of over 57,000 hectares of Forest Land. 25% – 35 % of Tigers live outside the Protected Tiger Reserves, hence exposing them to human-animal conflict and no legal respite for people incase of conflict matters. Surveillance of the dispersed animals also is severely compromised. Over 1600 people killed between 2013 – 2017 alone in Human-Animal Conflict Situations in India. Monoculture plantations/Parks/Botanical Gardens being included in “Green Cover” definition in statistics is a worrying trend and paints the wrong picture. 2016-2019 has seen over 100 Tiger Deaths per year, with 36 caused to accidents, electric shocks and other human-related reasons. In 118 cases, cause of death is unascertained.

Project Tiger

India is now home to almost 75% of the world’s Wild Tigers. The relative transparency in the estimation process and the dedication to the project in India of Saving the Tiger is unparalleled.

A rough estimation put the Tiger numbers at around 40000-50000 at the turn of the last century. Since then hunting, poaching and habitat destruction has decimated the Tiger population in India. The demand for parts of the Tiger for traditional ancient medicine and bravado on the part of the people of India after Independence from British Rule, has generally resulted the Tiger population coming to an all-time low after they were treated like vermin in India.

It was only till around 1970, after a period of sustained pressure and data collection of notable Zoologist and Conservationist Mr.Kailash Sankhla, the Government of India was made aware of the need to protect the massacred Tiger and the importance of protecting it as a keystone species. The Prime Minister of India Mrs.Indira Gandhi who was empathetic towards the cause of Wildlife agreed to eventually have the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 drafted which banned hunting of all species of Wildlife and offered them legal protection in India.

Mr.Kailash Sankhla was appointed as the first Director of Project Tiger.

Project Tiger was subsequently launched in 1973, and Jim Corbett Tiger Reserve in Uttarakhand was the first Tiger Reserve brought under its wing. A further 08 Tiger Reserves were demarcated with around 9115 sq km of protected forest – this figure today stands at around 71,000 sq km of protected area and 50 Tiger Reserves established in India in total.

Explore Popular Tiger Safari Parks in India

Madhya Pradesh

Bandhavgarh National Park is known for its historic as well as wildlife significance. The park’s fame is owed to one of the most enchanting Tigresses, Sita, and the most…


From Hailey National Park to being renamed as Jim Corbett National Park, this forest has been on quite a journey. India’s first and finest park spread over 520 sq. kms. along…


The Ranthambore National Park, at the junction of the Aravallis and the Vindhyas, is a unique juxtaposition of natural and historical richness, standing out conspicuously…