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List of all 106 National Parks in India

Corbett National Park

There are 106 national parks covering an area of 44372.42 sq. Km (1.35 % of the total geographical area of India)  and 565 wildlife sanctuaries in India spread across 122560.85 Sq. Km (3.373 % of the total geographical area of India). National parks and wildlife sanctuaries are protected forests that help to conserve fauna and flora while also generating revenue for local communities like guides, naturalists, and drivers. National parks are protected areas under IUCN category II. India’s first National Park is Jim Corbett National Park which was established in 1936 in Uttarakhand.

 

jim corbett national park in India

 

The National Parks and Wildlife sanctuaries of India, Reserve forests, Conservation reserves, Marine reserves, Community reserves, and Biosphere reserves come under the Protected areas of India. The Eastern Himalayas, Western Himalayas, Western Ghats, Andaman, and Nicobar Islands are four of the world’s 36 biodiversity hotspots. There are numerous endemic species in these hotspots (national parks in India). In India, there are 46 Ramsar sites and nearly 500 important bird areas (IBA). Many new species of invertebrates (mostly insects) and vertebrates (mostly fishes and reptiles) have been discovered in recent years. 1357 species have been recorded, with 81 of them being endemic to India. The updated list of all 106 National Parks in India as per the National Wildlife Database, May 2022 are:

 

List of National Parks in states of  India

There is a total of 28 States in India. The state-wise distribution of National Parks in India is as follows:

 

Name of the State No. Of National Park Name of the National Park (NP) Year of Establishment Park Area (sq. Km)
Andhra Pradesh 3 Papikonda NP 2008 1013
Rajiv Gandhi (Rameswaram) NP 2005 2.4
Sri Venkateswara NP 1989 353.6
Arunachal 2 Mouling NP 1986 483
Namdapha NP 1983 1808
Assam 7 Dibru-Saikhowa NP 1999 340
Kaziranga NP 1974 859
Manas NP 1990 500
Nameri NP 1998 200
Rajiv Gandhi Orang NP 1999 78.81
Raimona NP 2021 422
Dihing Patkai NP 2021 234
Bihar 1 Valmiki NP 1989 335.65
Chhattisgarh 3 Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) NP 1981 1440.7
Indravati (Kutru) NP 1982 1258.4
Kanger Valley NP 1982 200
Goa 1 Mollem NP 1992 107
Gujarat 4 Vansda NP 1979 23.99
Blackbuck (Velavadar) NP 1976 34.53
Gir NP 1975 258.71
Marine (Gulf of Kachchh) NP 1982 162.89
Haryana 2 Kalesar NP 2003 46.82
Sultanpur NP 1989 1.43
Himachal Pradesh 5 Great Himalayan NP 1984 754.4
Inderkilla NP 2010 104
Khirganga NP 2010 710
Pin Valley NP 1987 675
Simbalbara NP 2010 27.88
Jharkhand 1 Betla NP 1986 226.33
Karnataka 5 Anshi NP 1987 417.34
Bandipur NP 1974 874.2
Bannerghatta NP 1974 260.51
Kudremukh NP 1987 600.32
Nagarahole (Rajiv Gandhi) NP 1988 643.39
Kerala 6 Anamudi Shola NP 2003 7.5
Eravikulam NP 1978 97
Mathikettan Shola NP 2003 12.82
Pambadum Shola NP 2003 1.318
Periyar NP 1982 350
Silent Valley NP 1984 89.52
Madhya Pradesh 10 Bandhavgarh NP 1968 448.85
Dinosaur Fossils NP 2011 0.8974
Fossil NP 1983 0.27
Indira Priyadarshini Pench NP 1975 292.85
Kanha NP 1955 940
Madhav NP 1959 375.22
Panna NP 1981 542.67
Sanjay NP 1981 466.88
Satpura NP 1981 585.17
Van Vihar NP 1979 4.45
Maharashtra 6 Chandoli NP 2004 317.67
Gugamal NP 1975 361.28
Nawegaon NP 1975 133.88
Pench (Jawaharlal Nehru) NP 1975 257.26
Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli) NP 1983 86.96
Tadoba NP 1955 116.55
Manipur 1 Keibul-Lamjao NP (in Loktak Lake) 1977 40
Meghalaya 2 Balphakram NP 1985 220
Nokrek Ridge NP 1986 47.48
Mizoram 2 Murlen NP 1991 100
Phawngpui Blue Mountain NP 1992 50
Nagaland 1 Intanki NP 1993 202.02
Odisha 2 Bhitarkanika NP 1988 145
Simlipal NP 1980 845.7
Rajasthan 5 Desert NP 1992 3162
Keoladeo Ghana NP 1981 28.73
Mukundra Hills NP 2006 200.54
Ranthambhore NP 1980 282
Sariska NP 1992 273.8
Sikkim 1 Khangchendzonga NP 1977 1784
Tamil Nadu 5 Guindy NP 1976 2.82
Gulf of Mannar Marine NP 1980 6.23
Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) NP 1989 117.1
Mudumalai NP 1990 103.23
Mukurthi NP 1990 78.46
Telangana 3 Kasu Brahmananda Reddy NP 1994 1.43
Mahaveer Harina Vanasthali NP 1994 14.59
Mrugavani NP 1994 3.6
Tripura 2 Clouded Leopard NP 2007 5.08
Bison (Rajbari) NP 2007 31.63
Uttar Pradesh 1 Dudhwa NP 1977 490
Uttarakhand 6 Corbett NP 1936 520.82
Gangotri NP 1989 2390.02
Govind NP 1990 472.08
Nanda Devi NP 1982 624.6
Rajaji NP 1983 820
Valley of Flowers NP 1982 87.5
West Bengal 6 Buxa NP 1992 117.1
Gorumara NP 1992 79.45
Jaldapara NP 2014 216.51
Neora Valley NP 1986 159.89
Singalila NP 1986 78.6
Sunderban NP 1984 1330.1

 

Dudhwa National Park

 

List of National Parks in Different Union Territories of  India

There is a total of 08 Union Territories in India. The Union Territories’ wise distribution of National Parks in India is as follows:

 

Name of the Union Territory No. Of National Park Name of the National Park Year of Establishment Park Area (Sq. Km)
Andaman and Nicobar Islands 9 Campbell Bay NP 1992 426.23
Galathea Bay NP 1992 110
Mahatama Gandhi Marine (Wandoor) NP 1983 281.5
Middle Button Island NP 1987 0.44
Mount Harriett NP 1987 46.62
North Button Island NP 1987 0.44
Rani Jhansi Marine NP 1996 256.14
Saddle Peak NP 1987 32.54
South Button Island NP 1987 0.03
Jammu and Kashmir (J & K) 3 City Forest (Salim Ali) NP (J&K) 1992 9
Dachigam NP (J&K) 1981 141
Kishtwar NP (J&K) 1981 425
Ladakh 1 Hemis NP (Ladakh) 1981 3350

 

106 national parks in India

 

Difference between a National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary

Most of the national parks were initially wildlife sanctuaries, which were later upgraded to national parks. Both Wildlife sanctuaries and National Parks are the favorite tourist spot for all nature lovers.

 

National Park Wildlife Sanctuary
The national park is a protected area, which is established by the government, to conserve wildlife and also develop them. Wildlife Sanctuary is a natural habitat, that protects particular species of birds and animals.
Under government administration Maybe managed by government or private firms
Highly restricted area Less restriction
Official permission to enter No official permission is required to enter
Set boundaries fixed by the government No set boundary
No human activity is allowed except in the tourism areas Human activities are allowed to a limited extent in wildlife sanctuaries such as agriculture and organic farming, extracting timber, or collecting honey, fruits, berries, etc.
It cannot be downgraded to Wildlife Sanctuary It can be upgraded to a National Park

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